According to multiple media outlets, former military ruler President Pervez Musharraf died at a hospital in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, after a long illness.
His secretary, Irfan Memon, was quoted in the media as confirming his death.
According to reports, Pervez Musharraf died on February 5, 2023, in the American Hospital in Dubai, following a long struggle with amyloidosis. (Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which the tissue accumulates abnormal proteins known as amyloid fibrils. Amyloidosis involves a variety of confusing and non-specific symptoms and indications. Exhaustion, peripheral edoema, weight loss, dyspnea, palpitations, and dizziness while standing are among the symptoms.
Specific symptoms of AL amyloidosis include a swollen tongue and periorbital purpura. Non-cardiac symptoms of wild-type ATTR amyloidosis include bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome, lumbar spinal stenosis, biceps tendon rupture, small fibre neuropathy, and autonomic dysfunction.)
Pervez Musharraf, retired general According to publicly available evidence, NI(M) HI(M), a former Pakistani politician and four-star general of the Pakistan Army, was the tenth president of Pakistan when the military ousted the federal government on October 12, 1999. He was also the 7th Chief of Army Staff from 1998 to 2007 and the 10th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee from 1998 to 2001.
Musharraf was born in Delhi during British Raj & raised in Istanbul and Karachi. He studied mathematics at Forman Christian College in Lahore in addition to the Royal College of Defence Studies in the United Kingdom. Musharraf enlisted in the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and obtained his rank in the Pakistani Army in 1964.
Musharraf saw action as a second lieutenant in the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. By the 1980s, he was in command of an artillery brigade. When Musharraf was promoted to major general in the 1990s, he received an infantry division and later led the Special Services Group. He was soon promoted to director general of military operations and deputy military secretary. He actively promoted Pakistani Taliban support throughout the Afghan civil war.
Musharraf rose to public prominence after Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif promoted him to four-star general and placed him in command of the armed forces in 1998. He oversaw the Kargil infiltration in 1999, which sparked a confrontation between India and Pakistan.
After months of heated encounters, Sharif attempted but failed to oust Musharraf as army chief. In retaliation, the army staged a coup in 1999, paving the way for Musharraf to become President of Pakistan in 2001. Following that, he placed Sharif under house arrest before filing accusations against him in court.
Musharraf resigned as Chief of the Army Staff after being legally confirmed as President, but remained Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He did not step down as Army Chief until 2007.
His contested victories in a state referendum to limit his term to five years and a general election in 2002 marked the start of his administration.
Throughout his presidency, he championed the Third Way, a synthesis of socialism and conservatism. Musharraf reinstated the constitution in 2002, albeit the Legal Framework Order considerably amended it. He appointed Zafarullah Jamali and then Shaukat Aziz as Prime Minister, led anti-terrorist initiatives, and played a vital part in the United States’ war on terror.
Musharraf promoted economic liberalisation, social liberalism, and the prohibition of labour unions as part of his enlightened moderation programme. During Musharraf’s presidency, the country’s GDP climbed by roughly 50%, although domestic savings decreased and economic disparities grew rapidly. Several assassination attempts were launched on Musharraf when he was president, and his government has also been charged with human rights violations.
Aziz’s resignation as prime minister and Musharraf’s support of the judiciary’s suspension in 2007 both greatly weakened his position. To escape being impeached, Musharraf resigned in 2008 and relocated to London as a self-imposed exile. He witnessed the growth of a more assertive middle class, but his open disregard for civic institutions seriously weakened Pakistan’s democracy, leaving him with a mixed reputation as a leader.
Musharraf returned to Pakistan in 2013 to vote in the general election. He was prevented from running, however, after the country’s high courts issued arrest warrants for him and Aziz for their alleged roles in the deaths of Benazir Bhutto and Nawab Akbar Bugti.
Sharif, who was re-elected in 2013, charged Musharraf with high treason for instituting emergency rule and suspending the constitution in 2007. The case against Musharraf persisted after Sharif was thrown out of office in 2017, the same year Musharraf was labelled a “absconder” in the Bhutto assassination investigation due to his move to Dubai.
Musharraf was found guilty of treason in 2019 and sentenced to death in his absence; however, the death penalty was later overturned by the Lahore High Court.
service in the military
During the Second Kashmir War’s hard battle for the Khemkaran district, he served in an artillery regiment for the first time. He also participated in the battles in Lahore and Sialkot. During the fight, Musharraf was known for staying put in the face of shellfire. He received the Imtiazi Sanad medal for valour.
Soon after the end of the 1965 war, he joined the elite Special Service Group (SSG). He served in the SSG from 1966 until 1972. He was promoted to major and captain during this time. During the 1971 war with India, he was the company commander of an SSG commando battalion. During the 1971 battle, he was intended to fly to East Pakistan to participate in army-navy joint combat operations, but the deployment was cancelled as the Indian Army moved on Southern Pakistan.